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Gustaaf Reerink

Talen: Dutch, English, French, Indonesian


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Mr. Theodoor Bakker FCIArb is the firm’s Senior Foreign Counsel.After some 35 years in legal practice in Indonesia, his practice encompasses project finance and development, banking and finance, derivative products, corporate / commercial, mergers and acquisitions, foreign direct investment (FDI) and commercial arbitration. He also has extensive experience and expertise in restructuring and insolvency, shipping, aviation, and technology, media and telecommunications.

Theodoor graduated from Leiden University in the Netherlands, is admitted to the Amsterdam bar and is a registered Foreign Lawyer under the Indonesian Advocates Law. He has worked in Southeast Asia since 1984, over time building up a wealth of experience in foreign direct investment, project finance, including private power, aircraft finance, infrastructure development and general manufacturing investment.

Originating from the Dutch law firm Loeff Claeys Verbeke, between 2000 and 2006 he combined his position in ABNR with a partnership and country head at US-based global law firm White & Case.

In his corporate and M&A practice, Theodoor has assisted a long list of high-end multinational clients with their M&A and FDI projects in Indonesia, including the Indonesian aspects of M&A transactions, the drafting of transaction documents for share purchases, joint ventures, mergers, share subscriptions, asset purchases and shareholders agreements. The practice includes all aspects of setting up a local subsidiary, including the regulatory aspects such as Negative List analysis, filings in the OSS system and the risk-based investment analysis applied by the Investment Coordinating Board BKPM.

His financial practice focuses on structured finance, cross-border syndicated and bilateral lending transactions, leveraged and acquisition finance, asst-backed securities, export credit, derivatives and carbon credits. In the investment management sector, he advises clients on regulatory aspects of custodial and collateral management, shareholding disclosure requirements, securities marketing rules and CfDs. He represents electronic systems operators in fintech, including setting up platforms, platforms, digital marketing, alternative payments systems, digital marketing, privacy breach investigations and digital wallets regulation.

His aviation finance includes aircraft registration, lease agreements, repossession and Cape Town Convention work.

His experience in the hospitality industry encompasses all aspects of hotel management agreements, real estate acquisition and local licensing.

Theodoor’s broad restructuring and insolvency practice dates back to the Asian financial crisis, when he was involved in many aspects of restructuring and insolvency and has advised on complex foreign law issues of bankruptcy reform in Indonesia.  He is currently part of the team that advises numerous lessors on the suspension of payments (PKPU) of Garuda Indonesian Airlines. He was Indonesian co-counsel to the objecting noteholders in relation to the Chapter 15 Petition for Recognition of a Foreign Proceeding process initiated by PT Bakrie Telekom Tbk (BTEL) in a United States Bankruptcy Court. He also assisted bondholders in the USD 2-billion Indonesian court-sanctioned debt restructuring of PT Berlian Laju Tanker Tbk (BLT). He was recently inducted into the Legal 500 Asia Pacific Hall of Fame for his restructuring work, one of only two practitioners holding that position in Indonesia.

He is an active international commercial arbitrator registered at BANI, SIAC and HKIAC. He is Vice Chairman of the Arbitration and Mediation Section of the ICC Indonesia Board and a member of the ICC Commission on Arbitration and ADR.

Over his 35 years in Indonesia, he has published many in-depth articles on insolvency, cross-border investment issues and arbitration, and lectures at the Faculty of Law of the University of Indonesia, the Ministry of Law and Human Rights, and a number of private universities in Indonesia. He is an active moot court judge and university team coach.

He is listed as one of Indonesia’s top-100 lawyers by Asia Business Law Journal (May 2020 ed.), marking the third year in a row (2018-2020) in which he garnered this recognition.

He was until recently Vice Chairman of the EU-ASEAN Business Council, where he represented EuroCham Indonesia, on whose Executive Board he has served since its inception.

A representative clients list and a list of professional publications can be made available upon request to

Regulatory Notice: Mr. Bakker’s practice does not include the administration of escrow funds.

Gustaaf specializes in corporate and M&A, and competition / antitrust, advising clients across a broad range of industries, including automotive, aviation, consumer goods & e-commerce, education, financial institutions, pharmaceuticals & healthcare, power & renewables, real estate & infrastructure, shipping & maritime, telecoms, and tourism.

Prior to joining ABNR, he worked as an associate in the Amsterdam and Brussels offices of a Netherlands-based tier-1 law firm.

In his corporate and M&A practice, Gustaaf has assisted a long list of high-end multinational clients with their M&A and FDI deals in Indonesia, the Indonesian aspects of global M&A deals, and the drafting of transaction documents, such as share purchase agreements, share subscription agreements, asset purchase agreements, shareholders agreements and related commercial agreements. He also regularly advises on the establishment of joint-venture companies in Indonesia and the negotiating and drafting of joint-venture agreements.

In competition / antitrust, he focuses on cartel, dominant-position, and merger-control matters, and has worked on several landmark merger-control cases in Indonesia. In addition, he regularly reviews commercial agreements from an antitrust perspective and has been involved in corporate internal investigations relating to antitrust issues for a range of multinational clients with operations in Indonesia. He also regularly assists international and regional law firms with the Indonesian competition law aspects of global and foreign-to-foreign deals.

As a key member of ABNR’s award-winning aviation practice, Gustaaf advises across the entire industry spectrum (airside and groundside), including aircraft and aircraft-engine financing, acquisition, and leasing (wet and dry), comprising secured lending (Cape Town Convention), operating and finance leasing, and syndicated financing. He also regularly handles the Indonesian aspects of aviation matters on behalf of leading international law firms.

Gustaaf is a graduate of Leiden University in the Netherlands, where he earned an LL.M in private law, an MA in Indonesian studies, and a PhD for a dissertation on Indonesian land law. In addition, he read law at King’s College and The School of Oriental and African Studies in London, England, and studied French at the University of Burgundy in Dijon, France.

He regularly publishes articles and makes presentations on Indonesian legal matters, and serves as a guest lecturer at several Indonesian universities, as well as the Indonesian Ministry of Law and Human Rights. He was admitted to the Amsterdam Bar in 2008, is a registered foreign lawyer in Indonesia, and is a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (FCIArb).

Gustaaf is recognized as a leading individual for competition and antitrust and a key lawyer for aviation by The Legal 500 Asia Pacific.

Client testimonials (quoted from Legal 500 Asia Pacific, 2022 ed)

‘Gustaaf Reerink is an excellent competition law lawyer.’

‘Gustaaf Reerink is very prompt and clear in his advice. He understands the client’s needs and effectively guides us to pre-empt any issues for our antitrust matters in Indonesia.’

Regulatory notice: Mr. Reerink’s practice does not include the administration of escrow funds.